|Barry Morris Goldwater|
|Education:||University of Arizona|
|Born||January 2, 1909|
|Died||May 29, 1998 (aged 89)|
Goldwater was ethnically Jewish but raised Christian (Episcopalian). Despite being Right Wing Goldwater thought the Religious Right were quite wrong and if Andrew Schlafly and Conservapedia had been around in Goldwater’s time Barry would have fought them and what they stand for.
Barry Goldwater on Jerry Falwell:-
"Every good Christian should line up and kick Jerry Falwell's ass." 
That’s just one example.
Goldwater served in the Army and Air Force during World War II and the Korean War.
On March 22, 1963, Goldwater appeared on the The Jack Paar Program. He indicated he probably wasn't going to run for President in 1964.
But Senator Goldwater had been contemplating running against President John F. Kennedy in 1964. JFK and Goldwater were actually good friends, despite their different political beliefs. JFK and Goldwater actually, at least once, friendly discussed running against each other over a glass of whiskey. They decided to campaign together and keep it friendly. The assassination of JFK took the wind out of Goldwater's chances. Goldwater disliked Johnson, saying he was a bully who "used every dirty trick in the bag".
Goldwater believed America needed change, despite being a Republican, a party who has been vehemently opposed to change since the early 20th century. He represented the right-wing conservative section of the Republican Party, whereas previous Republican presidents like Eisenhower had been moderate centre-right figures. Goldwater's son, Barry Jr, recalled that Barry felt that government was giving too much handouts and was getting too paternalistic. He believed in small government and fiercely fighting communism. Goldwater thought the American government wasn't properly fighting the Cold War. He believed that American had nuclear weapons and should use them. In one speech, he told of how if America's nuclear capability was cut by 90%, it would be bad for peace. According to him, living in a nuclear-free world was bad...
He ran so his brand of conservatism could take on the liberal republican establishment that had been a part of the Eisenhower years. He felt the liberal Republicans were imitating the Democrats (ironically establishment Democrats are imitating liberal Republicans today). He wanted to offer a conservative alternative. The liberal Republican establishment viewed Goldwater as problematic and as a danger to the GOP and the nation.
On January 3, 1964, Goldwater announced he would seek the Republican nomination for President. He faced primary competition from New York Governor (and Future Vice President under Gerald Ford) Nelson Rockefeller, one of the richest men in America and a leading member of the Republican establishment. Goldwater represented the Libertarian West while Rockefeller represented the Eastern Establishment. The two couldn't have been more different.
Rockefeller attempted to his wealth to buy up all the advertising space and time, he would beat Goldwater. He had people secretly recording and transcribing every word Goldwater said to use his words against him. However, Goldwater won 7 primary contests to Rockefeller's 2 and won the nomination.
The Republican National Convention convened in San Francisco, California in July of 1964. Some people showed up to protest Goldwater because he, along with 5 other Republican Senators, opposed President Lyndon Johnson's Civil Rights Act of 1964, despite voting for the Civil Rights Act of 1957. Barry Jr claimed his father was opposed to it not because of racism but because Barry Senior thought it was unconstitutional. Goldwater believed heavily in States Rights, that the states should de-segregate by their own will, not by the power of the federal government. While Barry Goldwater himself may not have been racist, him being complicit with racists was a problem. Martin Luther King himself said "I think he articulates a philosophy which serves to give aide and comfort to the racists."
While Goldwater won the nomination, Nelson Rockefeller didn't go out quietly. He was allowed to make a short speech, lecturing the Goldwater delegates about their intolerance and how they were destroying the GOP. "There is no place in the Republican Party for such hawkers of hate, such purveyors of prejudice, such fabricators of fear. [...] The Republican Party is in real danger of subversion by a radical, well-financed, high-disciplined majority." In a five-minute speech, he was interrupted by booing 22 times. He tried to warn the GOP that Goldwater was too extreme, but the RNC had made up its mind.
On July 16, 1964, Goldwater accepted the nomination, with New York Representative William Miller as his running mate, the first Catholic vice presidential nominee of the Republican Party.
"I would remind you that extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice," Goldwater said, asserting his position as an extremist. "And let me remind you also, that moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue." His firebrand extremism fired up his base like Republicans do today.
On September 7, 1964, the Johnson Campaign released the 'Daisy' Ad. In it, a little girl is shown counting the pedals on of daisy, followed by a nuclear countdown and a nuclear explosion. Johnson's voice over then states "These are the stakes to make a world in which all of God's children can live or to go into the Garden. We must either love each other or we must die." With the Cuban Missile Crisis having only happened two years previously, the American public was frightened over the conception of nuclear apocalypse. While the ad never mentioned Goldwater, it played on the fear of Goldwater being a dangerous man willing to use nuclear weapons, subtlety suggesting if Goldwater was elected, nuclear war would happen.
Goldwater responded that he though the American people would be better off if they sawed off the Eastern seaboard and let it float out to sea. In fact, the Johnson Campaign made an Ad where a saw literally sawed off the eastern seaboard, mocking the statement. Goldwater refused to make an attack commercial because he wanted to have a campaign of principals and not personalities.
Johnson started using dirty tactics. Six hours before the Goldwater campaign could announce their "Peace and Freedom and Democracy Commission", the White House/Johnson campaign announced their commission for Peace and Freedom. The Goldwater figured out they had been bugged by the CIA. The CIA had been going down in power, so to get in the good graces of the President by infiltrating the opposition campaign and help the President's campaign. They had planted a spy in the Goldwater headquarters. She made sure advanced copies of speeches were provided to a team working in the White House. The Goldwater campaign people had to make calls in payphones outside the headquarters to thwart the spy.
With the election a month away, Johnson was projected to ahead of Goldwater by 30 points.
Southern voters began seeing Goldwater as their candidate, as someone who was pushing back against civil rights. When campaigning in Southern states, he was greeted with admiration and adulation. They liked his ideas of limiting the roles of the federal government, namely civil rights.
On November 3, 1964, Lyndon Johnson won the election, with 486 electoral college votes (out of 270 needed to win). He carried 44 states and Washington DC (which voted for the first time in a presidential election). Goldwater only carried his home state of Arizona and the Southern states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina.