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John Calvin Coolidge Jr. was the thirtieth President of the United States and Vice President under Warren G. Harding. He was a conservative. He earned the nickname "Silent Cal" because while he made prominent speeches, in private he was a man of few words. He was a big proponent of "laissez-faire" capitalism, because its an economic system in which the President does not interfere. He was big on small-government, probably because he was lazy and wanted his job to be as easy as possible. His predecessors, Woodrow Wilson and Warren G. Harding, messed up worse than he did. Coolidge was blamed for starting the depression, although Herbert Hoover made it worse.

On the bright side, he was socially liberal, considering that he signed into law legislation that gave Native Americans citizenship and have several accomplishments before and during his presidency.

Pros & Cons


  • Signed the Indian Citizenship Act, also known as the Snyder Act
  • Rallied for Civil Rights and Anti-lynching laws
  • Cleaned up the corruption of Harding’s administration
  • Help ended the Boston Police Strike when he was governor
  • National debt lowered under his watch
  • Federal Radio Commission created during his presidency
  • Help resolve the German Reparation issue with the Dawes Plan
  • First president to formally recognize Lief Erikson as the first person to discover America
  • Revenue Act of 1924
  • Clarke–McNary Act
  • Air Commerce Act
  • Rogers Act
  • McFadden Act of 1927
  • Supported anti lynching laws
  • Help sign the Kellogg-Braind Peace Pact to help not use war efforts to solve problems
  • Strong support for women's suffrage


  • Signed the Immigration Act which banned immigrants from Mexico and Japan, as well as southern and eastern European nations.
  • Did nothing to regulate the Credit Bubble or help the farmers by vetoing the McNary-Haugen Act
  • Did not provide benefits to the veterans of World War 1 by vetoing the Veterans Bonus Bill
  • Gave huge tax breaks to big corporations
  • Notorious for his temper and random outbursts


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