Disney's Mickey Mouse as portrayed by controversial artist Banksy

The Walt Disney Studios (also known as Disney) are a company that produce films and television programs, whose target audience includes children. They are one of the most popular film companies internationally and are mostly recognised for their animated films. The company was founded by Walt Disney in 1923. [1] Their first animated feature was Snow White & The Seven Dwarves (1937).

For nearly 60 years, Disney was celebrated most times the company released a feature film. Soon the studio turned to digital technology to churn them out like butter, so eventually nobody cared anymore. During the 1990s, Disney worked with Pixar, a CGI animation studio, and started to produce 3D animated films, such as Toy Story. The 3D films took on the quality role as they were harder to produce, but eventually, they are now beginning to knock these out production line style as well. Since 2004's Home On The Range, most of the studio's animated features are CGI-animated. Very few of the features were hand-drawn, including 2009's The Princess & The Frog and 2011's Winnie The Pooh.

Over the years, Disney has extended its business and acquired ownership/founded multiple film production companies including Miramax Films, Dimension Films and Lucasfilm.

Disney has also been the subject of debate/controversy. Some of its films were accused of racism and anti-semitism.

List of films produced by Disney

(including live-action movies and Pixar movies)

Films released when Walt Disney was alive

Film Year Budget Box Office (life-time)
Snow White & The Seven Dwarves 1937 $1,488,423 $416,000,000
Pinocchio 1940 $2,289,247 $84,300,000
Fantasia 1940 $2,700,000 $83,320,000
The Reluctant Dragon 1941 $600,000 $400,000
Dumbo 1941 $950,000 $1,600,000
Bambi 1942 $1,700,000 $267,447,150
Saludos Amigos 1943
The Three Caballeros 1945
Make Mine Music 1946
Song Of The South 1946 $2,125,000 $65,000,000
Fun & Fancy Free 1947
Melody Time 1948
The Adventures Of Ichabod & Mr Toad 1949
Cinderella 1950 $2,900,000 $85,000,000
Treasure Island 1950
Alice In Wonderland 1951 $3,000,000 $2,400,000 (US)
Peter Pan 1953 $4,000,000 $145,000,000
20,000 Leagues Under The Sea 1954 $9,000,000 $11,000,000
Davy Crockett: King of the Wild Frontier 1955 $2,150,000 (US)
Lady & The Tramp 1955 $4,000,000 $93,600,000
Davy Crockett and the River Pirates 1956
Old Yeller 1957 $6,250,000 (US/ Canada rentals)
Sleeping Beauty 1959 $6,000,000 $51,600,000
Darby O'Gill and the Little People 1959 $2,600,000 (est. US/ Canada rentals)
Swiss Family Robinson 1960
One Hundred & One Dalmatians 1961 $4,000,000 $215,880,014
The Absent-Minded Professor 1961
The Parent Trap 1961
Babes In Toyland 1961
Son Of Flubber 1963
The Incredible Journey 1963
The Sword In The Stone 1963 $4,000,000 $22,182,353 (US)
Mary Poppins 1964 $6,000,000 $102,300,000

Between Disney's death and the Renaissance

Film Year Budget Box-Office (lifetime)
The Jungle Book 1967 $4,000,000 $205,843,612
The Love Bug 1968 $5,000,000 $51,264,000
The Aristocats 1970 $4,000,000 $55,675,257
Bedknobs & Broomsticks 1971 $20,000,000 $17,871,174
Robin Hood 1973 $1,500,000 $32,056,467
Herbie Rides Again 1974 $38,229,000 (US)
Escape From Witch Mountain 1975 $20,000,000
Freaky Friday 1976
The Many Adventures Of Winnie The Pooh 1977
The Rescuers 1977 $1,200,000 $71,215,869
Herbie Goes To Monte Carlo 1977 $29,000,000
Pete's Dragon 1977 $10,000,000 $36,000,000
Return From Witch Mountain 1978
The Black Hole 1979 $20,000,000 $35,841,901
Herbie Goes Bananas 1980 $18,000,000
Popeye 1980 $20,000,000 $60,000,000
The Fox & The Hound 1981 $12,000,000 $63,456,988
Condorman 1981
TRON 1982 $17,000,000 $33,000,000
Return To Oz 1985 $28,000,000 $11,137,801
The Black Cauldron 1985 $44,000,000 $21,288,692
(The Adventures Of) (Basil) The Great Mouse Detective 1986 $14,000,000 $38,625,550
Flight of the Navigator 1986
Oliver & Company 1988 $74,151,346
Honey I Shrunk The Kids 1989 $18,000,000 $222,700,000

Disney Renaissance

Film Year Budget Box-Office (lifetime)
The Little Mermaid 1989 $40,000,000 $211,343,479
The Rescuers Down Under 1990 $47,431,461
The Rocketeer 1991
Beauty & The Beast 1991 $25,000,000 $424,967,620
Newsies 1992
Honey I Blew Up The Kid 1992 $40,000,000 $58,662,452 (US)
The Mighty Ducks 1992
Aladdin 1992 $28,000,000 $504,400,000
The Muppet Christmas Carol 1992 $12,000,000 $27,281,507
Homeward Bound: The Incredible Journey 1993 $41,833,324
Hocus Pocus 1993 $28,000,000 $39,514,713
Cool Runnings 1993
The Three Musketeers 1993
The Lion King 1994 $79,300,000 $987,483,777
The Santa Clause 1994 $22,000,000 $189,833,357
A Goofy Movie 1995 $35,348,597
Pocahontas 1995 $55,000,000 $347,200,000
Toy Story 1995 $30,000,000 $361,958,736
Muppet Treasure Island 1996 $34,327,391
Homeward Bound II: Lost In San Francisco 1996 $32,772,492
James & The Giant Peach 1996 $38,000,000 $37,734,758
The Hunchback Of Notre Dame 1996 $100,000,000 $324,600,000
101 Dalmatians (live-action) 1996 $75,000,000 $320,689,294
Jungle 2 Jungle 1997 $32,000,000 $59,927,618
Hercules 1997 $85,000,000 $252,712,101
George Of The Jungle 1997 $55,000,000 $174,463,257
Flubber 1997 $80,000,000 $177,977,226
Mulan 1998 $90,000,000 $303,600,000
The Parent Trap 1998 $15,500,000 $92,108,518
A Bug's Life 1998 $358,000,000
Tarzan 1999 $130,000,000 $448,191,819

Post-Disney Renaissance

Film Year Budget Box-Office (lifetime)
Inspector Gadget 1999 $90,000,000 $134,403,112
Toy Story 2 1999 $90,000,000 $485,800,000
Fantasia 2000 1999 $80,000,000 $90,874,570
Dinosaur 2000 $127,500,000 $355,100,000
Disney's The Kid 2000 $65,000,000 $110,317,580
102 Dalmatians 2000 $85,000,000 $183,611,771
The Emperor's New Groove 2000 $100,000,000 $169,327,687
Recess: School's Out 2001 $10,000,000 $44,460,850
Atlantis: The Lost Empire 2001 $120,000,000 $186,053,000
The Princess Diaries 2001
Monsters INC 2001 $115,000,000 $562,816,256
Snow Dogs 2002 $33,000,000 $115,035,090
Return To Never Land 2002 $20,000,000 $109,862,682
Lilo & Stitch 2002 $80,000,000 $273,144,151
The Santa Clause 2 2002 $65,000,000 $172,855,065
Treasure Planet 2002 $140,000,000 $109,578,115
The Jungle Book 2 2003 $20,000,000 $135,703,599
Piglet's Big Movie 2003 $62,870,546
Holes 2003
Finding Nemo 2003 $94,000,000 $936,743,261
Pirates Of The Caribbean: Curse Of The Black Pearl 2003 $140,000,000 $654,400,000
Freaky Friday 2003
Brother Bear 2003 $85,000,000 $250,397,798
Home On The Range 2004 $110,000,000 $103,951,461
The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement 2004
The Incredibles 2004 $92,000,000 $631,442,092
National Treasure 2004
Herbie: Fully Loaded 2005 $50,000,000 $144,133,816
Sky High 2005
Chicken Little 2005 $150,000,000 $314,432,837
The Chronicles Of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch & The Wardrobe 2005 $180,000,000 $745,013,115
The Wild 2006 $80,000,000 $102,338,515
Cars 2006 $120,000,000 $461,983,149
Pirates Of The Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest 2006 $225,000,000 $1,066,179,725
The Santa Clause 3: The Escape Clause 2006 $12,000,000 $110,768,122
Meet The Robinsons 2007 $169,333,034
Pirates Of The Caribbean: At World's End 2007 $300,000,000 $963,420,425
Ratatouille 2007 $150,000,000 $623,722,818
Enchanted 2007 $85,000,000 $340,487,652
National Treasure: Book of Secrets 2007
The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian 2008
WALL-E 2008 $180,000,000 $521,311,860
High School Musical 3: Senior Year 2008
Bolt 2008 $150,000,000 $309,979,994
Race To Witch Mountain 2009 $50,000,000 $145,960,882
UP 2009 $150,000,000 $750,000,000
Disney's A Christmas Carol 2009 $200,000,000 $325,286,646
The Princess & The Frog 2009 $105,000,000 $267,045,765
Alice In Wonderland (Tim Burton version) 2010 $200,000,000 $1,025,467,110
Prince Of Persia: The Sands Of Time 2010 $200,000,000 $335,154,643
Toy Story 3 2010 $200,000,000 $1,063,171,911
The Sorcerer's Apprentice 2010 $150,000,000 $215,283,742
Tangled 2010 $260,000,000 $591,794,936
TRON: Legacy 2010
Pirates Of The Caribbean: On Stranger Tides 2011 $250,000,000 $1,045,713,802
Cars 2 2011 $200,000,000 $559,852,396
Winnie The Pooh 2011 $30,000,000 $33,152,846
The Muppets 2011 $45,000,000 $165,184,237
Brave 2012 $185,000,000 $538,983,207
Wreck-It-Ralph 2012 $165,000,000 $471,222,889
Monsters University 2013 $200,000,000 $743,559,607
Planes 2013 $50,000,000 $219,788,712
Frozen 2013 $150,000,000 $1,000,256,783
Saving Mr Banks 2013 $35,000,000 $106,646,332


One of their biggest sources of revenue is Disneyland, an internationally known amusement park, which is often referred to as 'the most magical place on Earth'. There are multiple international theme parks in relation to Disneyland. The first one was built in Anaheim, CaliforniaUSA, on July 17th 1955. Other locations include Walt Disney World in Florida (opened in 1971), Disneyland Paris (1992), Tokyo Disney Resort (1983) and Hong Kong Disneyland Resort (2005), plus Shanghai Disney Resort which was due to open in 2015. The theory for the attractions' magic is debatably due to the fact that people dress up as characters from the films, such as Mickey Mouse, and the buildings resembling the famous settings, such as the castle from Sleeping Beauty. When the first resort opened, Walt Disney stated; To all who come to this happy place: Welcome.

Ownership to other studios

The Walt Disney Studios is the main production arm for Disney's films. Walt Disney Pictures and Walt Disney Animation Studios were the first companies to be owned by Studios. As the years progressed, Studios expanded the business, founded DisneyToon Studios and Disneynature, and acquired ownership to Pixar Animation Studios and Lucasfilm.

The Studios also acted as a distribution company for Touchstone Pictures, known for the production of such films as Dead Poet's Society (1989), Good Morning Vietnam (1987), War Horse (2011) and Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988).

Formally, the Studios owned Hollywood Pictures (until its fate in 2007), Miramax Films (from 1993-2010), Dimension Films (from 1993-2005) and Disney Circle 7 Animation (a short lived company which lasted between 2004-2006).

Politics and controversy

The founder Walt Disney was long rumoured and accused of racial Stereotyping and supporting the Nazis (a right wing political group who were in power in Germany during the Second World War). In fact, as witnessed by one of the animators, Art Babbitt, Disney and his lawyer, Gunther Lessing, regularly attended meetings of the German American Bund, a pro-Nazi organization in the late 1930s. Family members claim that Disney was antisemitic and Misogynistic but not everyone agrees. [2] [3] [4] [5] If Disney ever was a Nazi sympathiser it's likely he changed his views before the Disney company produced, Walt Disney - Anti Nazi Cartoon - Good Quality readers can check out this cartoon and see for themselves. Disney was Conservative by today's standards and during the Cold War he was strongly anti Communist. Disney even gave evidence for Joseph McCarthy. [6]

Apparently, when the company discussed the synopsis of Snow White & The Seven Dwarves, Walt spoke about the scene where the dwarves pile on top of each other and referred to the pile as the 'nigger pile'. During one of the re-edits of Fantasia (the company's third film to be produced and first to compare animation with live-action), a scene with a female half-black centaur was edited out which generated controversy, but Walt felt it would be too racist if he left the scene in.

According to the Walt Disney Family Museum, Walt had difficult relationships with certain Jewish individuals (though some of his school mates were Jewish), who worked for his company. After the 1941 strike, animator and director, David Swift, who was Jewish, announced his resignation to take a job at Columbia Pictures. Disney sarcastically responded "Okay Davy boy, off you go to work for those Jews. It's where you belong with those Jews". The rumour regarding whether Walt actually disliked Jews was parodied in future media projects; e.g. in the Family Guy episode, "Road To The Multiverse", Brian and Stewie arrive in the Disney universe. They witness Mort Goldman (a Jewish character) greeting the other characters, who angrily respond, "Jew!" and beat him up.

Despite Walt's occasional slurs, the company's films do not contain any evidence of racial bigotry/hypocrisy and some of the employers (including exes) come from various different backgrounds. Walt apparently was a fan of the left-wing film, To Kill A Mockingbird. The Sherman Brothers, Robert and Richard, who wrote the songs for some of the films were part-Jewish. In fact, over the years, the company has produced a range of left-wing films. These include;

Animal rights is one of the themes covered in Bambi

  • The Lady & The Tramp - Lady, a dog owned by a wealthy family, befriends and falls for The Tramp, a homeless dog.

[[File:Lady-and-the-tramp.jpg|thumb|Lady & The Tramp signifies the relationship between two dogs, each from a different class.

Winifred Banks' musical number, Sister Suffragette, is among the political themes covered in Mary Poppins

  • Robin Hood - one of Disney's important films to express liberal views, based on the famous 12th/13th century liberal hero who robs the rich to feed the poor.

Robin Hood resorts to burglary in an attempt to save the poor townsfolk from poverty

  • The Rescuers - Miss Bianca, a member of the Rescue Aid Society, chooses lower class janitor Bernard as her co-agent to rescue an orphan who is being mistreated by a greedy pawnshop owner.

[[File:The-rescuers-the-rescuers-17893447-1200-865.jpg|thumb|Two mice support an orphan who is under guidance of a capitalist pawn-shop owner in the Rescuers]]

  • The Little Mermaid - Ariel rebels against her father's orders to not interact with the 'human world', hence her love for Prince Eric and proves that the human world is not as bad as King Triton viewed it. This film shows that Conservatives cannot always be right about contact with different worlds.

Ariel goes against her Xenophobic father's wishes and attempts to interact with the outside world in The Little Mermaid

  • The Rescuers Down Under - sequel to the Rescuers. An Australian boy, who attempts to prevent a rare eagle from being hunted is held hostage by local poacher Pecival McLeach, leading to Bianca and Bernard to take on another rescue mission.

The Rescuers Down Under; Cody comes across Percival McLeach who is hunting for a rare eagle's golden eggs

  • Aladdin - The protagonist is a homeless 'street-rat' with very little money for him and his pet monkey to survive on. He befriends a princess who hates the pointless law of having to marry a wealthy man.

Aladdin is based on the relationship between two teenagers, each from a different class.

Based on a true story, Pocahontas analyses the friendship between two people, each from a different race.

  • The Hunchback Of Notre Dame - A deformed bell-ringer, whose father is arrested and mother killed, discovers his guardian, who is the conservative minister of justice, plans to eliminate gypsies and befriends a gypsy himself.

Quasimodo, a deformed bellringer, is accepted by the population of Paris and befriends a gypsy in The Hunchback Of Notre Dame.

  • Mulan - another film that explores feminism; a Chinese woman sneaks into the male-only army to fight in defence against the Huns who have invaded the city.

Mulan joins the army to save her aging father.

  • Atlantis: The Lost Empire - Milo rebels against Commander Rourke's careless scheme to sell a crystal which the Atlanteans need for the survival of the lost city. The film was also nominated for 3 Political Film Society awards including for Democracy, Human Rights and Peace.

Audrey (a Puetro Rican), Vinny (an Italian) and Sweet (an African-American) are among those who protest against Rourke's capitalist scheme after persuasion from Milo in Atlantis: The Lost Empire. The film was nominated for three political awards; Democracy, Human Rights and Peace.