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States

At the time of writing, Germany consists of 16 States; those, in alphabetical order, being:

  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Established: 1952
    • Preceded By: Baden, Württemberg-Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern
    • Capital: Stuttgart
    • State Code: BW
  • Bavaria (German: Bayern)
    • Established: 1949
    • Preceded By: American-Occupied Germany
    • Capital: Munich (German: München)
    • State Code: BY
  • Berlin
    • Established: 1990
    • Preceded By: East Berlin, West Berlin
    • Capital: Berlin (City)
    • State Code: BE
  • Brandenburg
    • Established: 1990
    • Preceded By: East Germany
    • Capital: Potsdam
    • State Code: BB
  • Bremen
    • Established: 1949
    • Preceded By: American-Occupied Bremen
    • Capital: Bremen (City)
    • State Code: HB
  • Hamburg
    • Established: 1949
    • Preceded By: American-Occupied Hamburg
    • Capital: Hamburg
    • State Code: HH
  • Hesse
    • Established: 1949
    • Preceded By: American-Occupied Hesse
    • Capital: Wiesbaden
    • State Code: HE
  • Lower Saxony (German: Niedersachsen)
    • Established: 1949
    • Preceded By: British-Occupied Lower Saxony
    • Capital: Hanover (German: Hannover)
    • State Code: NI
  • Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)
    • Established: 1990
    • Preceded By: East Germany
    • Capital: Schwerin
    • State Code: MV
  • North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen)
    • Established: 1949
    • Preceded By: British-Occupied North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Capital: Düsseldorf
    • State Code: NW
  • Rhineland-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz)
    • Established: 1949
    • Preceded By: French-Occupied Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Capital: Mainz
    • State Code: RP
  • Saarland
    • Established: 1957
    • Preceded By: French Protectorate of Saarland
    • Capital: Saarbrücken
    • State Code: SL
  • Saxony (German: Sachsen)
    • Established: 1990
    • Preceded By: East Germany
    • Capital: Dresden
    • State Code: SN
  • Saxony-Anhalt (German: Sachsen-Anhalt)
    • Established: 1990
    • Preceded By: East Germany
    • Capital: Magdeburg
    • State Code: ST
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Established: 1949
    • Preceded By: British-Occupied Schleswig-Holstein
    • Capital: Kiel
    • State Code: SH
  • Thuringia (German: Thüringen)
    • Established: 1990
    • Preceded By: East Germany
    • Capital: Erfurt
    • State Code: TH

Former states of Germany include Anhalt (became Saxony-Anhalt), Baden (became Baden-Württemberg), Braunschweig (became Lower Saxony), Lippe (became North Rhine-Westphalia), Lübeck (became Schleswig-Holstein), Mecklenburg-Schwerin (became Mecklenburg-Vorpommern), Mecklenburg-Strelitz (also became Mecklenburg-Vorpommern), Oldenburg (became Lower Saxony), Prussia (split between Poland and the USSR after World War II, now part of Poland, Lithuania, and Russia), and Württemberg (became Baden-Württemberg).

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