Sir Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton.jpg
Mr. Newton
Institutions: University of Cambridge

Royal Society Royal Mint

Fields: Physics Natural philosophy

Mathematics Astronomy Alchemy Economics

Known for Newtonian mechanics

Universal gravitation Calculus Newton's laws of motion Optics Binomial series Principia Newton's method

Born December 25 1642
Died March 20 1726/7

Isaac Newton was a 17th Century and 18th Century British Scientist, famous for discovering Gravity. In the 20th Century, the work of Albert Einstein improved on the Newtonian understanding of gravity, see Theory of Relativity.

Newton also did pioneering work in optics and mathematics, discovering calculus together with Liebniz. Newton developed a new type of telescope using a parabolic mirror instead of lenses that is to this day called a Newtonian reflector.

Unfortunately, Newton didn’t understand that alchemy is unreasonable and wasted a great deal of effort on it. But that wasn’t his fault, as he lived back in the 18th Century when people didn’t know any better.

Religious Beliefs

Newton was a passionate Christian but believed passionately that Christianity had gone wrong in the 4th Century CE. Contrary to popular Christian belief, he was not a Trinitarian Christian, but instead had an Arian-like Theology. Newton also allegedly rejected the orthodox doctrines of the immortal Soul, a personal devil and literal demons. In Newton's eyes, worshipping Christ as God was idolatry, to him the fundamental Sin.

Newton's religious views developed from an Anglican Trinitarianism to his later heterodox views as a result of participation in an investigative discourse with Nature (the nature of the Universe) and from the apparent dichotomy of biblical reality and the revealing of the structure of reality from investigation. These truths of nature posed challenges toward established religion for Newton, especially in light of Christian scriptural belief.


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