James Abram Garfield, Twentieth President (March-September 1881).jpg

James Abram Garfield was the 20th President of the United States. He was born in 1831 in Ohio in a poor family and lost his father aged 2. As an adult, Garfield earned the money to pay for his own education. It's much harder for poor kids to succeed but a few manage it if you are poor don't give up.

Garfield detested Slavery and fought on the side of the Union in the Civil War, he reached the rank of major general. After the war Garfield believed southern plantations should be broken up and given to the former slaves who had worked there. Fortunately for capitalism, that didn't happen. Garfield left the military when he was elected to represent Ohio in Congress. He served in Congress for 18 years.

Garfield became president in 1881, was socially very liberal and appointed African-Americans to offices, he believed black people should have complete equality with whites.

Garfield was shot less than a year after being elected and died in September 1881, 2 months before his birthday. He was shot by a megalomaniac who thought he should've been given an ambassador role. If the doctors had used sanitary procedures, he might've lived. But the doctors of the time were unsanitary and continuously probed for the bullet without washing their hands and Garfield's wound became infected causing his death. [1] [2]

Pros & Cons


  • Fought in the Civil War
  • Worked for government reform
  • Anti-Slavery
  • Pro Civil Rights advocate
  • Fought corruption
  • Advocated for civil service reform

See also