|Political Party:||Whig & Democratic|
|Education:||College of William and Mary|
|Born||March 29, 1790|
|Died||January 18, 1862 (aged 71)|
John Tyler was the 10th President of the United States. He was the first Vice President to succede to the Presidency following the death of William Henry Harrison. A lifelong Democratic-Republican, Tyler was nonetheless the VP nomination for the Whig Party. When President Harrison died of pneumonia on April 4, 1841, Tyler took the oath of office. But as president, he angered a lot of Whigs like Henry Clay by vetoing practically all of their agenda, including their bill to restore a national bank. As a result, all of his cabinet member resigned, except Secretary of State Daniel Webster. The Whigs asked Tyler to resign or face the threat of impeachment, but he stubbornly refused to accept either consequences. As the last straw, the enraged Whigs threw him out of the party, making him the only president to be kicked out of his own political party while still in office. In 1842, the Whigs and the committee, led by John Quincy Adams, filed the first impeachment resolution against him, thus becoming the first president ever to face impeachment charges. However, the resolution did not pass in January of 1843, so Tyler remained in office. Although he was the first president to oversee his vetoes overridden by Congress, he had some limited successes such as the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, opening up trade relations with China, ended the Seminole War in Florida and the Dorr's Rebellion, and expanded the Doctrine to Hawaii. His most significant and controversial policy was to annex Texas as a slave state.
After he left office in 1845, he sided with his home state of Virginia, which had allied with the Confederacy during the Civil War in 1861, making him the only former president to be declared an enemy to the United States. He died on January 18, 1862, before he could take his seat in the Confederate House of Representatives. Despite requesting a simple funeral, Confederate President Jefferson Davis had a very political funeral arranged, including the Confederate national flag draped on his coffin.
Pros & Cons
- Was very anti-Jackson (despite originally being in the same political party)
- Opened up trade negotiations with China
- Expanded the Monroe Doctrine to Hawaii
- Ended the Seminole War in Florida, Dorr's Rebellion, and the border disputes over Canada with the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
- Known for having the craziest (non-political) parties
- Was considered very difficult to work with
- Had a stubborn attitude
- Was pro slavery
- Completely disregarded the Whig party that got him elected
- Annexed Texas as a slave state
- Vetoed nearly every bill Congress and the Whigs approved, such as the Third National Bank.
- Almost got impeached, but this attempt got defeated.
- Later joined the Confederacy and became the only former president to be declared a traitor to the United States
- Married a young woman who was half of his age
- Set the stage for Andrew Johnson’s rise