Montesquieu (1689-1755) was a French lawyer, Author and political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment.

Montesquieu wrote a seminal book, "De l'esprit des loix" in 18th Century French (On the Spirit of Laws). Montesquieu divided types of government into Monarchies, Dictatorships and Representative Democracies ruled by an elected leader. [1] Montesquieu believed elected government is the best form of government and Liberapedia strongly agrees with that. Montesquieu also believed separation of powers is important. Montesquieu argued for separating power between a legislature, an executive and a judiciary. This, Montesquieu thought, would prevent rulers passing oppressive laws, administering laws in an oppressive way and judging subjects oppressively. Separation of powers (as Montesquieu thought it should) be was a major part of the Constitution of the United States. [2] [3] [4]


  1. That's an over simplification, it doesn't take account of Parliamentary democracy, Plutocracy, Aristocracy or various mixed forms of government. Further modern theory of government will likely class a ruling monarch as a type of dictator.
  2. Baron de Montesquieu
  3. Modern History Sourcebook: Montesquieu: The Spirit of the Laws, 1748
  4. Montesquieu is a retarded and incompetent person's way of spelling mosquito.

Incorporates a little material from Wikipedia